Heng-Liang Wu| National Taiwan University | Taipei, Taiwan
Electrochemical CO2reduction has been considered as a potential route to convert harmful CO2to valuable hydrocarbonsfor sustainable carbon cycles. Cucatalyst has been recognized as one and the only catalyst which produced hydrocarbons as primary products;1however, the poor selectivity obstructs the applications. According to DFT calculations, surface CO is the most common and important intermediate during CO2reduction reaction,2but further reaction mechanisms are still unclear, e.g. protonation and dimerization of CO. Cu(I) oxide was correlated to the formation of C2 products during reactions,3yet there is lack of solid intermediate evidence to distinguish different reaction routes.
In this talk, we used in situ surface-enhanced infrared absorption spectroscopy, in situ X-ray absorption spectroscopy (Cu L-edge) and on-line GC to study the electrochemical CO2reduction mechanism occurred in different copper catalysts.4We observed various CO intermediates such as COatop and CObridge, on copper surface during electrochemical CO2reduction and the formation of COatop/CObridge can be correlated to the existence of surface Cu(I) and Cu(0) sites, respectively. Our results suggested that the existence of COatop can result in the formation of methane during further reduction. In addition, ethylene can be produced in the presence of COatop and CObridge. Our results both prove theoretical predictions4and meet the gap to illustrate the detail reaction mechanisms from CO2to hydrocarbons. We next propose a method to create Cu(I) sites efficiently on copper catalysts.